The story then follows the pack, which has been robbed of its last prey. When the pack finally brings down a moose, the famine is ended; they eventually split up, and the story now follows a she-wolf and her mate, One Eye. The she-wolf gives birth to a litter of five cubs by the Mackenzie River , and all but one die from hunger.
One Eye is killed by a lynx while trying to rob her den for food for the she-wolf and her cub; his mate later discovers his remains near the lynx's den. The surviving cub and the she-wolf are left to fend for themselves. Shortly afterward, the she-wolf kills all the lynx's kittens to feed her cub, prompting the lynx to track her down, and a vicious fight breaks out. The she-wolf eventually kills the lynx but suffers severe injury; the lynx carcass is devoured over a period of seven days as the she-wolf recovers from her injuries.
One day, the cub comes across five Aboriginal people, and the she-wolf comes to his rescue.
One man, Grey Beaver, recognizes the she-wolf as his brother's wolfdog, Kiche, who left during a famine. Grey Beaver's brother is dead, and so he takes Kiche and her cub and christens the cub White Fang.
White Fang has a harsh life in the Indian camp; the current puppy pack, seeing him as a wolf, immediately attacks him. The Indians save him, but the pups never accept him, and the leader, Lip-Lip, singles him out for persecution. White Fang grows to become a savage, callous, morose, solitary, and deadly fighter, "the enemy of his kind".
source url It is at this time that White Fang is separated from his mother, who is sold off to another Indian Camp by Three Eagles. He realizes how hard life in the wild is when he runs away from camp, and earns the respect of Grey Beaver when he saves his son Mit-Sah from a group of boys seeking revenge. When a famine occurs, he runs away into the woods and encounters his mother Kiche, only for her to chase him away, for she has a new litter of cubs. He also encounters Lip-Lip, whom he fights and kills before returning to the camp.
White Fang defeats all opponents pitted against him, including several wolves and a lynx, until a bulldog called Cherokee is brought in to fight him. Cherokee has the upper hand in the fight when he grips the skin and fur of White Fang's neck and begins to throttle him. White Fang nearly suffocates, but is rescued when a rich, young gold hunter, Weedon Scott, stops the fight, and forcefully buys White Fang from Beauty Smith.
Scott attempts to tame White Fang, and after a long, patient effort, he succeeds. When Scott attempts to return to California alone, White Fang pursues him, and Scott decides to take the dog with him back home. In Sierra Vista, White Fang must adjust to the laws of the estate.
At the end of the book, an escaped convict, Jim Hall, tries to kill Scott's father, Judge Scott, for sentencing him to prison for a crime he did not commit, not knowing that Hall was "railroaded". White Fang kills Hall and is nearly killed himself, but survives. As a result, the women of Scott's estate name him "The Blessed Wolf".
The story ends with White Fang relaxing in the sun with the puppies he has fathered with the sheep-dog Collie. Critics have identified many underlying themes in the novel. Tom Feller describes the story as "an allegory of humanity's progression from nature to civilization". The novel is partly an autobiographical allegory based on London's conversion from teenage hoodlum to married, middle-class writer.
Since the novel has been published it has been translated into over 89 different languages and released as a three-volume Braille edition. Upon its release, White Fang was an immediate success worldwide,  and became especially popular among younger readers. Shortly after the book's publication, London became a target in what would later be called the nature fakers controversy , a literary debate highlighting the conflict between science and sentiment in popular nature writing.
President Theodore Roosevelt , who first spoke out against the "sham naturalists" in , specifically named London as one of the so-called "nature fakers". Citing an example from White Fang , Roosevelt referred to the fight between the bulldog and the wolfdog "the very sublimity of absurdity.
In a essay entitled "The Other Animals", he wrote:. I have been guilty of writing two books about dogs. The writing of these two stories, on my part, was in truth a protest against the "humanizing" of animals, of which it seemed to me several "animal writers" had been profoundly guilty. Time and again, and many times, in my narratives, I wrote, speaking of my dog-heroes: "He did not think these things; he merely did them," etc. And I did this repeatedly, to the clogging of my narrative and in violation of my artistic canons; and I did it in order to hammer into the average human understanding that these dog-heroes of mine were not directed by abstract reasoning, but by instinct, sensation and emotion, and by simple reasoning.
Also, I endeavored to make my stories in line with the facts of evolution; I hewed them to the mark set by scientific research, and awoke, one day, to find myself bundled neck and crop into the camp of the nature-fakers. The novel has been adapted into numerous pictures and sequels, animated specials, as well as an audiobook format. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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They're both impossibly attractive, they share this common enemy cancer , and they're both incredibly clever and lovable. It is like being transported back in time. Boy living with his uncle? I read a paper back in about these villages and they had a ritual where they cooked and ate babies if their lot was drawn. I could smell all her familiar scents.
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