Apollonia Pontica. Contribution to the Study of the Coin Minting of the City 6th-1st c. B.C.

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Archaeological excavations have found that the Aquae Calidae mineral baths were used as early as the Neolithic Age, with three prehistoric settlements being located there in the 6th-5th millennium BC. The Sanctuary of the Three Nymphs was revered in Roman times. The Roman baths at Aquae Calidae were rebuilt and expanded in the early years of the Byzantine Empire — the 4th-5th century, with fortress walls constructed during the reign of Emperor Justinian I the Great. Another interesting episode from the history of Thermopolis has to do with the so called Latin Empire established when the knights from the Fourth Crusade conquered Constantinople.

After Tsar Kaloyan r. The city of Thermopolis never recovered even though the mineral baths themselves were rebuilt later and used by Ottoman Turkish Sultan Suleiman I the Magnificent in In modern-day Bulgaria, in the 20th century the town near the mineral baths was known as Banevo until the s when it was renamed to Burgas Mineral Baths; it became part of the city of Burgas in The contemporary excavations were started in by Tsonya Drazheva and Dimcho Momchilov.

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Email check failed, please try again. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Additional Info. Explore Prehistory! The tale begins in the now-distant when Arnaoutski fulfilled his promise to his family, took a loan, and purchased an old, crumbling house on a square-meter plot on the Sozopol rocky shore, in the southeastern part of the Skamniy peninsula in the Old Town. Two years later, he decided to build a modern home on the same spot, but as soon as the construction begun, workers stumbled on an early-Byzantine hall. The builder did not hesitate and called archeologists right away, giving the start of years-long studies and digs.

Initially, Arnaoutski paid from his own pocket for the excavations and for the conservation of the finds. He also changed the design of the house. Everyone involved agreed on building the hall into the house, which little by little made Arnaoutski the owner of an underground museum, where all other precious finds from the property are kept.

Exhibit hall inside the museum. The mosaic on the floor depicts the sun. Arnaoutski, who strikes as a man of action and few words, enjoys talking about the private museum and taking guests around. It has generated very strong interest with an average of 10 to 15 thousand visitors each year. A fortress wall and a tower have been discovered in close proximity of the house, bordering the plot, but they were a public-private property.

The inclusion of the State and the municipality was needed in order to realize Arnaoutski's idea, supported by group of enthusiasts around him, to incorporate the museum and the tower in an architectural complex, now known as the " Southern Fortress Wall and Tower and the Ancient Sozopol " sanctuary. At the time, financing could be secured only through international projects. With help of the Sozopol municipality and the Regional Administration in Burgas, the group began working on such projects, Arnaoutski says.


This is how Foundation Sozopol was born. The year was The Foundation 's stated objectives are: Development and fostering of spiritual values; provision of support to the social integration and personal realization of people with disabilities and others, requiring special care; protection of human rights; preservation of the environment; conservation of the cultural heritage of Bulgaria.

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The complex became reality in It opened doors with the idea to promote Sozopol as a historical and cultural destination. The complex includes the museum, a restored house with architecture from the Bulgarian National Revival, a restored chapel "Sts. Quiricus and Julietta," from the 13thth century, and the restored fortress wall and tower with secret entrances that guarded Sozopol from the 4th until the 14th century.

The museum has an antique well from the 4th-3rd centuries BC, a grain storage facility dated from the 5th-6th century, used as an exhibit hall where parts of the ancient Sozopol water-main can be seen, a nympheum from the 3rd-4th century dedicated to the three nymphs, patrons of thermal springs, and a number of displays of antique amphorae, and other vessels, halls for exhibits of paintings, sculptures, philately, and other art objects, the ethnographic collection "Sailor's Nook" displaying tools related to the past of maritime navigation, and a statue of Apollo The Healer in the reception hall.

The entire place is tastefully decorated, taking pictures is allowed; there is also a souvenir stand and a "The Magic of Wine" stand, featuring Bulgarian wine. The admission is a small token.


The museum is open from 8 am to 9 pm. The place is also unique with something else, still not very common in Bulgaria , but fully aligned with Foundation Sozopol 's objectives and mission — the care for the handicap and the elderly — there is a panoramic alley alongside the fortress wall, not only with magnificent green landscaping, but with full access for people with disabilities. There are also a wheelchair accessible bathroom and a lift, which connects two of the three levels of the complex.

It allows handicap people, elderly, and families with small children to move easily from one level to the other and to the top of the tower. The lift has glass doors, which offer a splendid view of the sea. The Foundation continues excavations on the St. Ivan Island within the monastery complex and is now actively working on acquiring international financing to secure electric power and water supply to the isle — the electric power will be supplied through a cable, running on the bottom of the sea.

A biological sanitary facility with drinking water will also be built. The entire island will be lit up at night in order to be seen from the Sozopol shore. Plans for further public works include the enlargement of the two new peers so that larger ships, on their way to Istanbul can accost at St. The two peers — north and south, with panoramic stairs, shelters and an information center have also been rebuilt and renovated by the Foundation. In the future, there will be performances on the island, part of the Apollonia festival.

St Cyril and Methodius Cathedral. When the relics of St.

John the Baptist arrived from the St.